Introduction to Internet Governance (Who are the Governing bodies of the Internet?)

What is Governance?

Well the concept of governance is evolving and changing; as societies became more advance the mechanism of governance became more advanced. But as a short we can define governance as stablishing of policies and continuous monitoring of their proper implementation by the members of the governing bodies.
Participation, Transparency, Responsiveness, Consensus Orientation or understanding, and accountability are the most important aspects for the good governance.

Part2: Who are the Governing bodies of the Internet?

Who are the Governing bodies of the Internet?

Before answering to this question lets clarify the term “Stakeholder” and then see what is the “Multi stakeholder model” that you may face both of these terms repeatedly while reading articles about the Internet Governance.
According to the a stakeholder refers to an individual, group or organization that has a direct or indirect interest or stake in a particular organization; that is, a given action has the ability to influence the overall organization’s actions, decisions and policies to achieve results. While Multistakeholder Model is an organizational framework or structure which adopts the multistakeholder process of governance or policy making, which aims to bring together the primary stakeholders such as businesses, civil society, governments, research institutions and non-government organizations to cooperate and participate in the dialogue, decision making and implementation of solutions to common problems or goals.

Ok now let’s answer the question that who are the governing bodies of the Internet?

Well; Internet is not centrally governed by any Agency, Company, Government or Person, but by several bodies across the globe which are as follows.

Internet Governance Forum (IGF): anchored by the United Nations, the IGF is a multi-stakeholder open forum for policy dialogue on issues related to the Internet Governance. It was formally announced by the United Nations Secretary-General in July 2006 and has held an annual meeting since then.
Internet Architecture Board (IAB): the Internet configuration control board was created by the United States Department of Defense’s Defense Advanced Research Project Agency during 1997 is the body that eventually became the Internet Advisory Board during September, 1984, and then the Internet Activities board during May, 1986 and finally became the Internet Architecture Board, under ISOC, during January, 1992. It is a committee charged with oversight of the technical and engineering development of the Internet by the Internet Society (ISOC) that oversees the technical and engineering development of the IETF and the IRTF.

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN): Is a nonprofit organization that is responsible for coordinating the maintenance and procedures of several databases related to the namespaces on the Internet, IP addresses and Regional Registries.

Regional Internet Registries: There are five regional registries that manage the allocation and registration of the internet number resource;

Regional Internet Registries (RIRs)
AFRINICServing AfricaFounded in 2005
APNICServing the Asia Pacific regionFounded in 1993
ARINServing North AmericaFounded in 1997
LACNICServing South America and the CaribbeanFounded in 2001
RIPE NCCServing Europe, Central Asia and the Middle EastFounded in 1992

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF): Develops and promotes a wide range of Internet standards dealing in particular with standards of the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP).

Internet Research Task Force (IRTF): Promotes research of the evolution of the internet creating long term research groups working on topics related to Internet Protocols, applications, architecture and technology.

International Organization for Standardization (ISO 3166): is an international standard body that Defines standards

World Wide Web Consortium (W3C): is the main International standards organization for World Wide Web that Creates Standards for the World Wide Web that enables open platform


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